Water

Water is vital for life

Water
sustains all life - human, animal and plant life. It is also an indispensable resource for the economy. Water also plays a fundamental role in the climate regulation cycle.

Appr
oximately 75% of the earth's surface is covered by water. The oceans contain 97.5% of the earth's water, the land 2.4%, and the atmosphere holds less than 0.001%. Only 1% of the earth's water is available for drinking.

All waters are linked through the water cycle in a dynamic equilibrium. Th
e most recent European legislation on water, CD2000/60/EC (Water Framework Directive​) classifies waters as follows:



​The Water Framework Directive was complemented by the adoption of Directive 2008/56/EC establishing a framework for community action in the field of marine environmental policy (Marine Strategy Fram​ework Directive). Through this legislation the definition of marine waters has been extended to cover waters, the seabed and subsoil on the seaward side of the baseline from which the extent of territorial waters is measured extending to the outmost reach of the area where a Member State has and/or exercises jurisdictional rights, in accordance with UNCLOS.