The need for the Environment and Resources Authority (ERA) to set up an inventory of Tree Protection Areas (TPAs) stems from the Trees and Woodland Protection Regulations (S.L. 549.123), which aims at protecting the trees and woodlands of the Maltese Islands, particularly native species and communities.

In accordance with the said regulation, there are a number of criteria that make sites eligible for designation. Such criteria, as specified in S.L. 549.123, are included below:

a. Maltese characteristic woodland communities;
b. trees or woodland communities which are rare, threatened, endangered or that have a reduced or restricted distribution in Malta;
c. trees and woodlands habitats critical to the survival, reproduction and recovery of endangered, threatened, vulnerable, endemic or otherwise important flora and fauna species;
d. trees or woodland communities of scientific, ecological, aesthetic, historical, cultural, arboricultural, silvicultural, agricultural, educational or landscape interest;
e. prominent landmark trees;
f. historical trees listed in the List of Historical Trees having an Antiquarian Importance Order (S.L. 445.02)​;
g. ex-situ, live collections of rare, threatened or endangered specimens.


The ERA, as part of its commitment to set up inventories of important trees and woodlands in Malta, has designated 30 TPAs in 2011 through G.N. 473 of 2011. In 2017, ERA designated 30 additional TPAs through G.N. 316 of 2017. In Malta, there are approximately 60 native tree species, of which 66% are rare or endangered. Through the declaration of these TPAs, these trees and woodlands are being given the well-deserved protection for our and future generations. The total number of TPAs over the Maltese Islands are now 60, of which 48 are in Malta, 10 are in Gozo and 2 are in Comino.

Some of the areas protect individual trees and groups of trees of value, such as the old olive trees in Ħal Lija, as well as other areas to ensure the protection of rare and threatened trees, which have a restricted native distribution in Malta. Examples of the latter include the Dwarf Fan Palm at Tal-Merħla and the Mock Privet at Ta’ Xuxa in the Buskett area. Species that are not native, but have other relevant important considerations are also included, such as the Ficus Tree, which is a landmark in the area known as ‘It-Tliet Siġriet’ in Tas-Sliema. Trees within a TPA are protected from activities and operations that may have an adverse impact on them, such as development.


Name of Tree Protection Area – Declared in 2017
Wied Żembaq (limiti ta’ B​irżebbuġa) – boundary of this site amends that of the site declared in 2011 Link​
Bruka (Tamarix africana) fl-Imtaħleb (limiti tar-Rabat) Link
Il-bruk (Tamarix africana) fir-Ramla tat-Torri (limiti tal-Marfa) Link
Il-ġenista l-bajda (Retana monosperma) fl-inħawi tal-Verdala (limiti tar-Rabat) Link
Il-ħarruba (Ceratonia siliqua) fl-inħawi tax-Xemxija (limiti ta’ San Pawl il-Baħar) Link
Il-fikus (Ficus nitida) fl-inħawi tat-Tlett Siġriet (limiti ta’ Tas-Sliema) Link
Il-ġummara (Chamaerops humilis) f’Tal-Merħla (limiti tal-Imtaħleb) Link
Il-maklura (Maclura pomifera) fil-Ġonna ta’ Spencer (limiti tal-Marsa) Link
Iċ-ċewsa l-ħadra (Broussonetia papyrifera) u l-maklura (Maclura pomifera) fiċ-Ċimiterju tal-Addolorata (limiti tal-Marsa) Link
L-olivastru (Phillyrea latifolia) fil-Buskett (limiti tar-Rabat) Link
L-olivastru (Phillyrea latifolia) f’San Martin (limiti ta’ San Pawl il-Baħar) Link
Il-ġenisti s-sofor (Spartium junceum) fil-Palazz tal-Inkwiżitur (limiti tas-Siġġiewi) Link
L-ulmu Ingliż (Ulmus procera) fi Triq Burmarrad (limiti ta’ Burmarrad) Link
L-ulmu Ingliż (Ulmus procera) f’Wied Għajn Mula (limiti ta’ Burmarrad) Link
Il-ballut (Quercus ilex) f’Palazzo Parisio (limiti tan-Naxxar) Link
Iż-żinżel (Ziziphus zizyphus) fl-Imtaħleb (limiti tar-Rabat) Link
Iż-żinżel (Ziziphus zizyphus) f’Wied l-Isperanza (limiti tal-Mosta) Link
Masġar tar-rand (Laurus nobilis) f’Wied is-Sir (limiti tal-Mosta) Link
Masġar tal-għadib (Vitex agnus-castus) f’Rdum Majjiesa (limiti tal-Mellieħa) Link
Masġar ta’ żebbuġ antik (Olea europaea) f’Wied Ħal Lija (limiti ta’ Ħal Lija) Link
Żebbuġ (Olea europaea), żnuber (Pinus halepensis) u ballut (Quercus ilex) ġol-Ġnien ta’ Villa Frere (limiti Tal-Pietà) Link
Ġnibru (Juniperus phoenicea) fil-Ballut tal-Wardija (limiti ta’ San Pawl il-Baħar) Link
Difla (Nerium oleander) f’Ħarq il-Ħammiem (limiti ta’ Pembroke) Link
Żebbuġa (Olea europaea) u ħarrub (Ceratonia siliqua) f’Tas-Santi, Binġemma (limiti tar-Rabat) Link
Żebbuġa (Olea europaea) fit-Triq Stivala (limiti taż-Żebbuġ) Link
Siġra tal-għadib (Vitex agnus-castus) f’Wied tal-Pergla (limiti tax-Xagħra) Link
Luq (Populus alba) f’Wied tal-Lunzjata (limiti f’Ta’ Kerċem) Link
Masġar tal-luq (Populus alba) f’Wied Sara (limiti tar-Rabat) Link
Makkja f’Wied Mġarr ix-Xini (limiti ta’ Għajnsielem) Link
Masġar taż-żebbuġ (Olea europaea) ġol-Ġnien Ta’ Blankas (limiti tax-Xewkija) Link
Ġummara (Chamaerops humilis) fi Triq Skapuċċina (limiti taż-Żebbuġ) Link


Name of Tree Protection Area – Declared in 2011
Ġnien il-Kbir, il-Buskett u Wied il-Girgenti Link
Iċ-Ċagħaq (limiti tal-Imġarr) Link
Iċ-Ċimiterju tal-Addolorata Link
Il-ballut tal-Imġiebaħ (limiti tal-Mellieħa) Link
Il-ballut tal-Wardija (limiti ta’ San Pawl il-Baħar) Link
Il-Maqluba (limiti tal-Qrendi) Link
Il-Wied tal-Fiddien (limiti tar-Rabat) Link
L-inħawi tan-Nigret (limiti tan-Naxxar) Link
Iż-żebbuġ tal-Bidnija (limiti tal-Mosta) Link
L-inħawi tal-Imtaħleb (limiti tar-Rabat) Link
Ta’ Baldu/L-Inħawi ta’ Wied Ħażrun (limiti tar-Rabat) Link
Ta’ Bloq – Għar Ħanżir (limiti ta’ Ħal Qormi u s-Siġġiewi) Link
Tal-Virgi (limiti ta’ Marsaskala) Link
Ta’ San Blas (limiti tar-Rabat u Ħaż-Żebbuġ) Link
Triq il-Wied tal-Imsida Link
Wied Għollieqa (limiti ta’ San Ġwann u l-Imsida) Link
Wied il-Faħam (limiti ta’ Ħal Għargħur) Link
Wied il-Għasel (limiti tal-Mosta) Link
Wied il-Ħut (limiti tar-Rabat) Link
L-inħawi tal-Wied il-Miżieb (limiti tal-Mellieħa) Link
Wied ir-Rum (limiti tar-Rabat) Link
Wied Moqbol (limiti taż-Żurrieq) Link
Wied Qirda (limiti tas-Siġġiewi) Link
Wied tal-Baħrija (limiti tar-Rabat) Link
Wied Żembaq (limiti ta’ Birżebbuġa) – boundary of this site has been amended by that declared in 2017 Link
Għajn Barrani (limiti tax-Xagħra) Link
Il-Qattara (limiti ta’ San Lawrenz) Link
Wied Binġemma (limiti tan-Nadur) Link
Il-Ħażina (Kemmuna) Link
Il-Qala ta’ Santa Marija (Kemmuna) Link


Il-Buskett woodland
Il-Buskett woodland


For further information contact ERA on or on +356 2292 3500​​.​

Other links​

ERA webpages

Press release
PosterMaltese versionEnglish version
Maltese treesLinkLink
Il-Ballut tal-WardijaLinkLink
Wied il-MiżiebLinkLink
Sandarac gum treeLinkLink