It is widely recognised that our environment is instrumental to our well-being, with various related ecosystem services providing important aspects linked to our healthy, economy and society.

In 2004, the European Union introduced the new legislation establishing, for the first time in the EU, a comprehensive liability regime for damages to the environment, based on the ‘polluter-pays’ principle.

The polluter-pays principle is based on the fact that those that have caused environmental damage should be liable for remediation of damage, the so-called polluter-pays principle.

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