In 2015, Regulation (EU) No 1143/2014 on the Prevention and Management of the Introduction and Spread of Invasive Alien Species came into force with the aim of controlling various invasive alien species (IAS). The Regulation establishes a list of invasive alien species of Union concern, which are subject to restrictions on their keeping, importation, exchange, sale, use, breeding, cultivation, growing and release, in addition to measures for their early detection, eradication or management. This Regulation is complemented by the provisions of national legislation, such as the Control of Invasive Alien Species of European Union Concern Regulations (S.L. 549.119).

List of Invasive Alien Plants of Union concern:

English NameScientific NameEntry into Force
Golden-wreath wattleAcacia saligna15 August 2019
Tree-of-heavenAilanthus altissima15 August 2019
Alligator weedAlternanthera philoxeroides2 August 2017
Broomsedge bluestemAndropogon virginicus15 August 2019
Common milkweedAsclepias syriaca2 August 2017
Eastern baccharisBaccharis halimifolia3 August 2016
FanwortCabomba caroliniana3 August 2016
Balloon vineCardiospermum grandiflorum15 August 2019
Purple pampas grassCortaderia jubata15 August 2019
Perennial veldtgrassEhrharta calycina15 August 2019
Water hyacinthEichhornia crassipes3 August 2016
Nuttall’s waterweedElodea nuttallii2 August 2017
Chilean rhubarbGunnera tinctoria2 August 2017
Senegal tea plantGymnocoronis spilanthoides15 August 2019
Giant hogweedHeracleum mantegazzianum2 August 2017
Persian hogweedHeracleum persicum3 August 2016
Sosnowsky’s hogweedHeracleum sosnowskyi3 August 2016
Japanese hopHumulus scandens15 August 2019
Floating pennywortHydrocotyle ranunculoides3 August 2016
Indian balsamImpatiens glandulifera2 August 2017
Curly waterweedLagarosiphon major3 August 2016
Chinese bushcloverLespedeza cuneata15 August 2019
Water primroseLudwigia grandiflora3 August 2016
Floating primrose-willowLudwigia peploides3 August 2016
Vine-like fernLygodium japonicum15 August 2019
American skunk cabbageLysichiton americanus3 August 2016
Japanese stiltgrassMicrostegium vimineum2 August 2017
Parrot’s featherMyriophyllum aquaticum3 August 2016
Broadleaf watermilfoilMyriophyllum heterophyllum2 August 2017
Whitetop weedParthenium hysterophorus3 August 2016
Crimson fountaingrassPennisetum setaceum2 August 2017
Asiatic tearthumbPersicaria perfoliata3 August 2016
MesquiteProsopis juliflora15 August 2019
Kudzu vinePueraria lobata3 August 2016
African payalSalvinia molesta15 August 2019
Chinese tallowTriadica sebifera15 August 2019

​List of Invasive Alien Animals of Union concern:

English NameScientific NameEntry into Force
Common mynaAcridotheres tristis15 August 2019
Egyptian gooseAlopochen aegyptiacus2 August 2017
New Zealand flatwormArthurdendyus triangulatus15 August 2019
Pallas’s squirrelCallosciurus erythraeus3 August 2016
Indian house crowCorvus splendens3 August 2016
Chinese mitten crabEriocheir sinensis3 August 2016
Small Asian mongooseHerpestes javanicus3 August 2016
PumpkinseedLepomis gibbosus15 August 2019
American bullfrogLithobates catesbeianus3 August 2016
Muntjac deerMuntiacus reevesi3 August 2016
CoypuMyocastor coypu3 August 2016
CoatiNasua nasua3 August 2016
Raccoon dogNyctereutes procyonoides2 February 2019
MuskratOndatra zibethicus2 August 2017
Spiny-cheek crayfishOrconectes limosus3 August 2016
Virile crayfishOrconectes virilis3 August 2016
Ruddy duckOxyura jamaicensis3 August 2016
Signal crayfishPacifastacus leniusculus3 August 2016
Amur sleeperPerccottus glenii3 August 2016
Striped eel catfishPlotosus lineatus15 August 2019
Red swamp crayfishProcambarus clarkii3 August 2016
Marbled crayfish Procambarus fallax f. virginalis 3 August 2016
RaccoonProcyon lotor3 August 2016
Stone morokoPseudorasbora parva3 August 2016
Grey squirrelSciurus carolinensis3 August 2016
Fox squirrelSciurus niger3 August 2016
Siberian chipmunkTamias sibiricus3 August 2016
Sacred ibisThreskiornis aethiopicus3 August 2016
Red-eared slider
Yellow-bellied slider
Cumberland slider
Trachemys scripta3 August 2016
Asian hornetVespa velutina nigrithorax3 August 2016

More information on each of the above species can be found on the European Commission’s information brochure (2016/2017).

Considering that a number of species are pet/aquarium/garden species, temporary provisions are in place; these allow the sale and keeping of such specimens under contained conditions. Further information is available here for commercial owners/keepers, and here for owners of pets.

For any additional queries, you may check the frequently asked questions (FAQs), contact us via e-mail address on info@era.org.mt or through telephone number 2292 3500.

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