In 2015, Regulation (EU) No 1143/2014 on the Prevention and Management of the Introduction and Spread of Invasive Alien Species came into force with the aim of controlling various invasive alien species (IAS). The Regulation establishes a list of invasive alien species of Union concern, which are subject to restrictions on their keeping, importation, exchange, sale, use, breeding, cultivation, growing and release, in addition to measures for their early detection, eradication or management. This Regulation is complemented by the provisions of national legislation, such as the Control of Invasive Alien Species of European Union Concern Regulations (S.L. 549.119).

List of Invasive Alien Plants of Union concern:

English NameScientific NameEntry into Force
Golden-wreath wattleAcacia saligna15 August 2019
Tree-of-heavenAilanthus altissima15 August 2019
Alligator weedAlternanthera philoxeroides02 August 2017
Broomsedge bluestemAndropogon virginicus15 August 2019
Common milkweedAsclepias syriaca02 August 2017
Eastern baccharisBaccharis halimifolia03 August 2016
FanwortCabomba caroliniana03 August 2016
Balloon vineCardiospermum grandiflorum15 August 2019
Oriental bittersweetCelastrus orbiculatus02 August 2027
Purple pampas grassCortaderia jubata15 August 2019
Perennial veldtgrassEhrharta calycina15 August 2019
Water hyacinthEichhornia crassipes03 August 2016
Nuttall’s waterweedElodea nuttallii02 August 2017
Chilean rhubarbGunnera tinctoria02 August 2017
Senegal tea plantGymnocoronis spilanthoides15 August 2019
NeedlebushHakea sericea02 August 2022
Giant hogweedHeracleum mantegazzianum02 August 2017
Persian hogweedHeracleum persicum03 August 2016
Sosnowsky’s hogweedHeracleum sosnowskyi03 August 2016
Japanese hopHumulus scandens15 August 2019
Floating pennywortHydrocotyle ranunculoides03 August 2016
Indian balsamImpatiens glandulifera02 August 2017
Himalayan knotweedKoenigia polystachya02 August 2022
Curly waterweedLagarosiphon major03 August 2016
Chinese bushcloverLespedeza cuneata15 August 2019
Water primroseLudwigia grandiflora03 August 2016
Floating primrose-willowLudwigia peploides03 August 2016
Vine-like fernLygodium japonicum15 August 2019
American skunk cabbageLysichiton americanus03 August 2016
Japanese stiltgrassMicrostegium vimineum02 August 2017
Parrot’s featherMyriophyllum aquaticum03 August 2016
Broadleaf watermilfoilMyriophyllum heterophyllum02 August 2017
Whitetop weedParthenium hysterophorus03 August 2016
Crimson fountaingrassPennisetum setaceum02 August 2017
Asiatic tearthumbPersicaria perfoliata03 August 2016
Water lettucePistia stratiotes02 August 2024
MesquiteProsopis juliflora15 August 2019
Kudzu vinePueraria lobata03 August 2016
An algaeRugulopteryx okamurae02 August 2022
African payalSalvinia molesta15 August 2019
Chinese tallowTriadica sebifera15 August 2019

​List of Invasive Alien Animals of Union concern:

English NameScientific NameEntry into Force
Common mynaAcridotheres tristis15 August 2019
Egyptian gooseAlopochen aegyptiacus02 August 2017
Black bullheadAmeiurus melas02 August 2022
New Zealand flatwormArthurdendyus triangulatus15 August 2019
ChitalAxis axis02 August 2022
Pallas’s squirrelCallosciurus erythraeus03 August 2016
Finalyson’s squirrelCallosciurus erythraeus02 August 2022
Northern snakeheadChanna argus02 August 2022
Indian house crowCorvus splendens03 August 2016
Chinese mitten crabEriocheir sinensis03 August 2016
Rusty crayfishFaxonius rusticus02 August 2022
MummichogFundulus heteroclitus02 August 2024
Western mosquitofishGambusia affinis02 August 2022
Eastern mosquitofishGambusia holbrooki02 August 2022
Small Asian mongooseHerpestes javanicus03 August 2016
Common kingsnakeLampropeltis getula02 August 2022
PumpkinseedLepomis gibbosus15 August 2019
Golden musselLimnoperna fortunei02 August 2022
American bullfrogLithobates catesbeianus03 August 2016
White perchMorone americana02 August 2022
Muntjac deerMuntiacus reevesi03 August 2016
CoypuMyocastor coypu3 August 2016
CoatiNasua nasua03 August 2016
Raccoon dogNyctereutes procyonoides02 February 2019
MuskratOndatra zibethicus02 August 2017
Spiny-cheek crayfishOrconectes limosus03 August 2016
Virile crayfishOrconectes virilis03 August 2016
Ruddy duckOxyura jamaicensis03 August 2016
Signal crayfishPacifastacus leniusculus03 August 2016
Amur sleeperPerccottus glenii03 August 2016
Striped eel catfishPlotosus lineatus15 August 2019
Red swamp crayfishProcambarus clarkii03 August 2016
Marbled crayfish Procambarus fallax f. virginalis 03 August 2016
RaccoonProcyon lotor03 August 2016
Stone morokoPseudorasbora parva03 August 2016
Red-vented bulbulPycnonotus cafer02 August 2022
Grey squirrelSciurus carolinensis03 August 2016
Fox squirrelSciurus niger03 August 2016
Imported fire antSolenopsis geminata02 August 2022
Red imported fire antSolenopsis invicta02 August 2022
Black imported fire antSolenopsis richteri02 August 2022
Siberian chipmunkTamias sibiricus03 August 2016
Sacred ibisThreskiornis aethiopicus03 August 2016
Red-eared slider
Yellow-bellied slider
Cumberland slider
Trachemys scripta03 August 2016
Asian hornetVespa velutina nigrithorax03 August 2016
Electric antWasmannia auropunctata02 August 2022
African clawed frogXenopus laevis02 August 2024

More information on each of the above species can be found on the European Commission’s information brochure (2016/2017).

Considering that a number of species are pet/aquarium/garden species, temporary provisions are in place; these allow the sale and keeping of such specimens under contained conditions. Further information is available here for commercial owners/keepers, and here for owners of pets.

For any additional queries, you may check the frequently asked questions (FAQs), contact us via e-mail address on [email protected] or through telephone number 2292 3500.

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