The contained use of GMOs covers any premises where organisms are genetically modified or where GMOs are cultured, stored, used, transported, destroyed or disposed of.

These could be:

  • Genetically Modified Micro-organisms (GMMs) such as GM bacteria, viruses, animal and plant cells in culture


  • Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) such as GM plants or GM animals.

In order to use GMOs for purposes of R&D (in university or hospital laboratories), or for production/manufacturing (in industrial facilities), users are legally obliged to submit a notification to ERA in accordance with the requirements of the Contained Use legislation, seeking the Authority’s consent before commencing work with GMOs.